More than two dozen Democrats launched presidential campaigns in 2019 — but just 15 remain in the race as the year comes to a close.
The race for the Democratic nomination has so far been marked by a fight between centrist candidates and those from the progressive camp over who is best suited to take on President TrumpDonald John TrumpGiuliani says he would be willing to testify in impeachment trial Trump expected to announce limited vaping ban this week Linda Ronstadt: Trump is ‘like Hitler, and the Mexicans are the new Jews’ MORE in 2020.
As Democrats across the country prepare to cast votes in primaries in 2020, here’s a look back at some of the year’s key moments of the early stages of the primary race:
Former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenGiuliani says he would be willing to testify in impeachment trial Sanders: Speed of Medicare for All plan is a ‘major difference’ with Warren Saager Enjeti rips Biden, says coal miner remarks harken back to Clinton mistakes of 2016 MORE
April 25: Officially enters crowded race, becoming an instant front-runner after skipping the 2016 race.
June 27: Comes under attack from Sen. Kamala HarrisKamala Devi Harris2019’s political winners and losers — on both sides of the aisle Biden would consider Republican for VP ‘but I can’t think of one right now’ Yang expects to raise more than .5 million in fourth quarter MORE (D-Calif.) during the second night of the first primary debate over his stance on racial busing.
August 2019: Becomes embroiled in the impeachment inquiry against Trump after a whistleblower complaint details a call in which the president pressed Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate Biden and his son, Hunter Biden.
Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersSanders vows to create tougher nationwide drinking water standards as president Sanders: Speed of Medicare for All plan is a ‘major difference’ with Warren Warren vows to ‘attack corruption in Washington’ in New Year’s Eve address MORE (I-Vt.)
Feb. 19: Launches second race for the Democratic nomination after an unexpectedly strong, but unsuccessful, challenge against 2016 nominee Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonSaager Enjeti rips Biden, says coal miner remarks harken back to Clinton mistakes of 2016 Saagar Enjeti: Biden’s Hillary 2.0 moment shows why he will lose Lewandowski decides against Senate bid MORE.
Oct. 4: Suffers heart attack, reviving concerns about age for the 78-years-old candidate. He took a brief time off before returning to his campaign.
Oct. 19: Sanders is endorsed by progressive star Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-CortezAlexandria Ocasio-CortezSheila Jackson Lee tops colleagues in House floor speaking days over past decade There is no free lunch — even in health care Hoyer challenger: Criminal justice system works against minorities MORE (D-N.Y.) at a Queens rally. Fellow freshman “squad” members Reps. Ilhan OmarIlhan OmarSheila Jackson Lee tops colleagues in House floor speaking days over past decade Republicans, Democrats offer support after John Lewis cancer diagnosis 2019 political ‘person of the year’: Nancy Pelosi MORE (D-Minn.) and Rashida TlaibRashida Harbi TlaibSheila Jackson Lee tops colleagues in House floor speaking days over past decade 2019 political ‘person of the year’: Nancy Pelosi Progressive activist Zephyr Teachout endorses Bernie Sanders MORE (D-Mich.) also back Sanders.
Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenYang raises .5 million in final week of December Sanders: Speed of Medicare for All plan is a ‘major difference’ with Warren Warren vows to ‘attack corruption in Washington’ in New Year’s Eve address MORE (D-Mass.)
Feb. 9: Formally kicks off her campaign, going on to unveil a slew of progressive policy proposals that she turns into a campaign slogan: “Warren has a plan for that.”
Nov. 1: Releases her “Medicare for All plan” with details on cost after coming under heavy attack by opponents that she was not being transparent about a signature campaign issue.
Dec. 19: Clashes with rival South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete ButtigiegPeter (Pete) Paul ButtigiegSanders: Speed of Medicare for All plan is a ‘major difference’ with Warren Warren vows to ‘attack corruption in Washington’ in New Year’s Eve address Panel: Why aren’t candidates taking more shots at Joe Biden? MORE at the sixth Democratic debate over fundraising after weeks of sniping between the two candidates.
South Bend., Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg
April 13: Officially launches his campaign after unexpectedly gaining traction despite being the youngest candidate and less well known than some of the other front-runners. He also becomes the first openly gay major Democratic presidential candidate.
June 16: Buttigieg takes time off from his campaign to deal with a police-involved shooting of a black man in South Bend as his lack of support from minority voters continue to dog his campaign.
November: Several polls show a surge for Buttigieg in Iowa, bringing momentum to his campaign, though he remains fourth in most national polls.
Rep. Tulsi GabbardTulsi GabbardTulsi Gabbard: Impeachment has ‘greatly increased the likelihood’ of Trump reelection and GOP retaking House Gabbard says impeachment will only ’embolden’ Trump GOP predicts bipartisan acquittal at Trump impeachment trial MORE (D-Hawaii)
Jan. 11: Officially launches her campaign, focusing on her foreign policy experience as a military combat veteran.
Oct. 18: Comes under attack from Hillary Clinton, who suggests that Gabbard is the “favorite of the Russians” to win the 2020 presidential election.
Dec. 18: Gabbard comes under fire from Democrats after voting “present” on the two articles of impeachment against Trump.
Sen. Cory BookerCory Anthony BookerRep. John Lewis to undergo treatment for stage 4 pancreatic cancer Biden, Sanders are candidates to beat at end of 2019 Primary debates threaten to leave people of color behind MORE (D-N.J.)
Feb. 1: Officially files for election. Booker launches his campaign a few months later in April, with a call for unity from Newark, the city that launched him to national stardom after serving as mayor for two terms.
December: Calls for lower criteria for primary debates after failing to make it to the event in December, saying the party needs more diverse voices represented on stage.
Former tech entrepreneur Andrew YangAndrew YangYang raises .5 million in final week of December Andrew Yang challenges DNC to #PollThePeople DNC rejects Yang’s request for new polls ahead of next debate MORE
Nov. 6, 2017: Enters the field as a relative unknown, pushing a central campaign proposal: a universal basic income of $1,000 a month for every American adult.
Dec. 19: Becomes the only candidate of color and outsider to make the debate stage, signaling a campaign that has caught fire on the strength of his personality, viral momentum, grassroots enthusiasm and guerrilla marketing.
Former New York City Mayor Michael BloombergMichael Rubens BloombergPoll: GOP voters drawn to Biden more than other 2020 Democrats Intercept Contributor: Michael Bloomberg CAUGHT using prison labor to make campaign calls Bloomberg unveils plan to fight black maternal deaths MORE
Nov. 21: Files an official statement of candidacy as part of a series of steps to officially launch his presidential campaign after citing concerns that none of the existing candidates can take on President Trump.
Nov. 22: Unveils a multi-million ad blitz as part of an unorthodox campaign that will see him skip the first few nominating states to focus on the Super Tuesday states, raising strong criticism from his Democratic rivals about his spending.
Sen. Amy KlobucharAmy Jean KlobucharTrump to hold rally in Wisconsin as Democrats debate in Iowa Rep. John Lewis to undergo treatment for stage 4 pancreatic cancer Electability is key to Democrats’ 2020 fortunes MORE (D-Minn.)
Feb. 11: Officially launches her campaign in the middle of a snow storm, calling herself a pragmatist and touting the work she’s done in the senate.
Dec. 19: Receives strong reviews over her debate performance, bringing renewed attention to her candidacy as she places most of her focus on the Iowa caucus.
Former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julián Castro
Jan. 21: Launches campaign as one of highest-profile Latinos to ever run for president.
Nov. 10: Castro came out in support of replacing Iowa and New Hampshire as the first two voting states with others that are more diverse.
Former hedge fund executive Tom SteyerThomas (Tom) Fahr SteyerNearly billion spent on political advertising in 2019 Bloomberg has already spent 0 million on ads in presidential race Top 2020 Democrats target Amazon while spending big money on it: report MORE
July 9: Launches campaign vowing to end corruption in the political system after making a name for himself as one of the leading proponents to impeach Trump.
Sen. Michael BennetMichael Farrand Bennet2020 primary debate guide: Everything you need to know ahead of the December showdown Democratic presidential candidates react to Trump impeachment: ‘No one is above the law’ Buttigieg set to reap benefits as impeachment bogs down key rivals MORE (D-Colo.)
May 5: Kicks off presidential campaign just months after a memorable speech on the Senate floor in January in which he tore into Sen. Ted CruzRafael (Ted) Edward CruzThe most expensive congressional races of the last decade Sunday shows preview: Senate gears up for impeachment trial after holiday break Biden, Sanders are candidates to beat at end of 2019 MORE (R-Texas) amid heightened tensions over the government shutdown.
Former Mass. Gov. Deval PatrickDeval PatrickRep. John Lewis to undergo treatment for stage 4 pancreatic cancer Deval Patrick fails to make Michigan primary ballot Democrats brace for ‘bloody’ primary season MORE
Nov. 14: Launches campaign, vowing to unify the party among its centrist and progressive camps.
Former Rep. John DelaneyJohn Kevin DelaneyRep. John Lewis to undergo treatment for stage 4 pancreatic cancer Booker will not appear on primary ballot in Vermont Democrats ask if they have reason to worry about UK result MORE (D-Md.)
August 10, 2017: Becomes the earliest contender to launch their campaign, though he has struggled to gain traction since.
Author Marianne WilliamsonMarianne WilliamsonRanking the Democrats: Who has best chance of winning nomination? 2020 primary debate guide: Everything you need to know ahead of the December showdown The Hill’s 12:30 Report — Presented by UANI — GOP, Democrats square off at final impeachment hearing MORE
Feb. 4: Launches campaign as an outsider who has authored self-help books and was also previously known as Oprah WinfreyOprah Gail WinfreyMichelle Obama is ‘most admired woman’ in new poll Pelosi, Ivanka Trump named to Forbes’s ‘World’s 100 Most Powerful Women’ Black woman crowned Miss Universe for first time since 2011 MORE‘s spiritual adviser.
14 candidates have dropped out of the race this year. Here are some of their most memorable moments.
Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.)
Launch: Jan. 21, ends: Dec. 3
June 27: Surges in polls and sees bump in fundraising after a strong performance in the first Democratic debate, where she faced-off with Biden, but her campaign falters and she eventually ends her campaign over a lack of funding.
Former Rep. Beto O’Rourke (D-Texas)
Launch: March 14, ends: Nov. 1
August: Takes time off campaigning after a mass shooting in his home town of El Paso, drawing praise among Democrats for his call for more action on gun control, but is unable to overcome a series of missteps including a widely panned cover interview with Vanity Fair.
Sen. Kirsten GillibrandKirsten GillibrandFill the New York federal district court vacancies Advocacy groups decry Trump’s ‘anti-family policies’ ahead of White House summit This bipartisan plan is the most progressive approach to paid parental leave MORE (D-N.Y.)
Launch: March 17, ends: Aug. 28
March 17: Gillibrand faced criticism as soon as she launched her campaign over her call in 2017 for Sen. Al FrankenAlan (Al) Stuart FrankenAl Franken mocks McConnell: ‘Like listening to Jeffrey Dahmer complain about the decline of dinner party etiquette’ Lankford to be named next Senate Ethics chairman The job no GOP senator wants: ‘I’d rather have a root canal’ MORE (D-Minn.) to resign after multiple women accused him of sexual misconduct.
Montana Gov. Steve BullockSteve BullockKamala Harris dropped out, but let’s keep her mental health plan alive The Hill’s Campaign Report: Democrats worry about diversity on next debate stage The Hill’s Morning Report — Pelosi makes it official: Trump will be impeached MORE
Launched: May 14, ends: Dec. 2
May 14: Bullock pitches himself as a strong candidate to take on Trump, noting that he was the only candidate to win in a state-wide race in a state Trump carried in 2016, but his campaign failed to catch fire.
New York City Mayor Bill de BlasioBill de BlasioWind turbine knocks over billboard, crushes car Federal hate crime charges filed against NY Hanukkah stabbing suspect Guardian Angels says it will patrol Jewish neighborhoods in NYC following attacks MORE
Launch: May 16, ends: Sept. 20
May 16: The New York City mayor’s race never gained traction despite leading one of the biggest cities in the world and boasting strong progressive credentials.
Colorado Gov. John HickenlooperJohn HickenlooperColorado governor pardons woman who sought sanctuary in churches to avoid deportation The Hill’s 12:30 Report: Impeachment enters new crucial phase Bullock drops White House bid, won’t run for Senate MORE
Launch March 4, ends: Aug. 15
Aug. 15: Hickenlooper ends his long-shot campaign in August to run for senate, becoming a strong challenger to vulnerable Republican Sen. Cory GardnerCory Scott GardnerElection security, ransomware dominate cyber concerns for 2020 The opioid epidemic demands bipartisan action Democrats hope to focus public’s attention on McConnell in impeachment battle MORE.
Washington Gov. Jay InsleeJay Robert Inslee2019’s political winners and losers — on both sides of the aisle Washington Supreme Court rules state legislators subject to open records law Former Ohio governor endorses Biden MORE
Launch: March 1, ends: Aug. 21
Aug. 21: Decides to seek reelection in Washington after making climate change the central focus of his presidential campaign.
Rep. Seth MoultonSeth MoultonThe unpardonable pardon of Eddie Gallagher Lobbying World Overnight Defense: House passes compromise defense bill | Turkey sanctions advance in Senate over Trump objections | Top general says military won’t be ‘raping, burning and pillaging’ after Trump pardons MORE (D-Mass.)
Launch: May 7, ends: Aug. 23
Rep. Tim RyanTimothy (Tim) RyanGM among partners planning .3B battery plant in Ohio San Francisco 49ers suspend announcer after reference to quarterback’s ‘dark skin’ More than 100 Democrats sign letter calling for Stephen Miller to resign MORE (D-Ohio)
Launch: April 11, ends: Oct. 24
Rep. Eric SwalwellEric Michael SwalwellKrystal Ball questions Biden’s durability in 2020 field Live coverage: House Judiciary to vote on impeachment after surprise delay Lawmakers prep ahead of impeachment hearing MORE (D-Calif.)
Launch: April 8, ends: July 8
Miramar, Fla., Wayne MessamWayne Martin MessamWayne Messam suspends Democratic presidential campaign 2020 primary debate guide: Everything you need to know ahead of the November forum The Memo: What the leading 2020 Dems need to do MORE
Launch: March 15, ends: Nov. 20
Former West Virginia state Sen. Richard Ojeda
Launch: Nov. 11, ends: Jan. 25
Former Rep. Joe Sestak (D-Pa.)
Launch: July 1, ends: Dec. 1
Former Sen. Mike Gravel (Alaska)
Launch: April 2, ends: July 31
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